Energy-selective reconstructions in X-ray computerized tomography

Phys Med Biol. 1976 Sep;21(5):733-44. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/21/5/002.


All X-ray computerized tomography systems that are available or proposed base their reconstructions on measurements that integrate over energy. X-ray tubes produce a broad spectrum of photon energies and a great deal of information can be derived by measuring changes in the transmitted spectrum. We show that for any material, complete energy spectral information may be summarized by a few constants which are independent of energy. A technique is presented which uses simple, low-resolution, energy spectrum measurements and conventional computerized tomography techniques to calculate these constants at every point within a cross-section of an object. For comparable accuracy, patient dose is shown to be approximately the same as that produced by conventional systems. Possible uses of energy spectral information for diagnosis are presented.

MeSH terms

  • Energy Transfer
  • Humans
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Technology, Radiologic
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed