Recombination and joining: different means to the same ends

Genes Funct. 1997 Jun;1(3):165-74. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-4624.1997.00016.x.


DNA double-strand breaks are very genotoxic lesions that can result in chromosome aberrations. The current view is that DNA double-strand breaks are repaired most efficiently through homologous recombination in yeast and simple end-joining in mammalian cells. However, recent experiments reveal that both repair pathways are conserved from yeast to mammals, including humans. The challenge ahead is to put the different pieces of the jigsaw together into coherent mechanisms for both pathways and to determine their relative contributions to ionizing-radiation resistance and to the prevention of genetic instability and carcinogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA Repair / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Radiation Tolerance
  • Recombination, Genetic / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics