Myosin has been localized to plasmodesmata in root tissues of Allium cepa, Zea mays and Hordeum vulgare using a polyclonal antibody to animal myosin in both fluorescence and electron microscopy. Labelling was also observed throughout the cytoplasm, mainly associated with the endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane. On Western blots, bands of 180 and 110 kDa were consistently labelled in all three species. These bands were also labelled when the blot was incubated in actin prior to staining with antibodies to actin, raising the possibility that either of these proteins (180 kDa or 110 kDa) may be present in plasmodesmata. Pre-treatment of the tissue with 2,3-butanedione monoxime (BDM), an inhibitor of actin-myosin motility, resulted in a strong constriction of the neck region of plasmodesmata. These results indicate that a myosin-like protein may be present in plasmodesmata and may also play a role in the regulation of transport at the neck region.