Biological tyrosine nitration: a pathophysiological function of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1998 Aug 1;356(1):1-11. doi: 10.1006/abbi.1998.0755.


Analytical and immunological methodologies and occasionally both methodologies have been applied to detect and quantify 3-nitrotyrosine in almost every major organ system. In certain diseases increased levels of 3-nitrotyrosine have been correlated with elevated levels of other indices of oxidative stress. Numerous reports have established that nitration is a biological process derived from the biochemical interaction of nitric oxide or nitric oxide-derived secondary products with reactive oxygen species. This article addresses critical issues regarding this biological process, namely the biochemical pathways for nitration of tyrosine residues in vivo, potential protein targets, and pathophysiological consequences of protein tyrosine nitration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Humans
  • Nitrates / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide / physiology*
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Tyrosine / metabolism*


  • Nitrates
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Tyrosine