Mechanism of lymph node metastases: current concepts

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1998 Aug;31(4):585-99. doi: 10.1016/s0030-6665(05)70074-8.


Advances in head and neck surgical techniques with aggressive adjuvant treatment have reduced the incidence of locoregional failure in many types of head and neck cancer. Failure to control distant disease, however, remains of the most frustrating aspects in the care of these patients. A strong foundation in the biology of invasion and metastasis is necessary to understand more clearly the reasons for the development of distant and locally recurrent disease. This article focuses on basic mechanisms of invasion and metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis* / pathology
  • Lymphatic Metastasis* / physiopathology
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness*
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / genetics*
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / pathology*
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / secondary
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic