Background: Peritoneal damage has been reported since the beginning of CAPD therapy.
Methods: To clarify the change of peritoneal function in CAPD patients, we used the Personal Dialysis Capacity (PDC) test in 22 patients with 49 serial studies and 14 patients with single studies. The data were expressed at the condition of 2.5% (2.27 g/dl of glucose), four times at 2,000 ml/day.
Results: In the mass analysis, the urea generation rate, creatinine generation rate, PNA/PCR, and water removal via the peritoneum (PD) were kept at the same level for almost eight years, and then gradually decreased. Urine volume and residual renal creatinine clearance (CCr) became zero at six years. On the other hand, PD CCr increased gradually with the time course of CAPD, and therefore the total CCr remained at the level of 6.0 ml/min even after six years. Weekly urea KT/V decreased gradually from almost 2.800 to 2.000. The protein loss remained approximately 7.0 g/day for the initial five years, then became 6.0 g/day, except in five patients who showed levels above 10.0 g/day on the first test of PDC. Weekly urea KT/V was correlated with residual renal CCr (P < 0.005), and significantly correlated with total CCr (weekly urea KT/V = -0.2798 + 0.3720 x total CCr; r = 0.915, P < 0.001). In the serial analysis, when the first and the last tests were compared, the urea generation rate increased significantly (mean +/- SD, 2.800 +/- 3.204 vs. 3.882 +/- 3.382; P < 0.0001); however, water removal via PD (1364 +/- 887 vs. 813 +/- 609; P = 0.021), total ultrafiltration (1762 +/- 841 vs. 1124 +/- 843; P = 0.042), and weekly urea KT/V (2.285 +/- 0.486 vs. 2.112 +/- 0.512; P = 0.026) decreased significantly. The delta water removal via PD/ duration became negative (-10.03 +/- 6.59 ml/week) in all 7 patients after more than four years, however, it was positive (+14.40 +/- 7.84 ml/week) in 6 of 10 patients after less than one year.
Conclusion: These results suggest that water removal via PD increases within one year, then decreases after four years. The PDC test is useful to evaluate the change of peritoneal function in mass and serial analyses.