The effect of mosapride, a novel prokinetic, on acid reflux variables in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1998 Jan;12(1):35-40. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2036.1998.00268.x.

Abstract

Background: Mosapride is a novel prokinetic agent facilitating acetylcholine release from the enteric cholinergic neurones through a selective 5-HT4 receptor agonistic action. It is also active through its main metabolite M1, which is a 5-HT3 antagonist. The importance of motor dysfunction in the pathogenesis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) makes it interesting to examine the effect of mosapride on oesophageal acid exposure.

Methods: The effect of mosapride on oesophageal 24-h acid reflux variables was studied in 21 patients with GERD symptoms and a pre-entry total acid exposure time (pH < 4) of more than 5%. Ambulatory pH monitoring was performed after treatment with 40 mg mosapride citrate or placebo q.d.s. for 2 days in random order, using a double-blind crossover technique, with a washout period of at least 5 days.

Results: Mosapride was significantly more effective than placebo in decreasing the total number of reflux episodes, the total number of reflux episodes lasting more than 5 min and the total time, as well as the amount of day time, of intra-oesophageal pH below 4. Consequently, mosapride also significantly improved total acid clearance time.

Conclusion: Mosapride 40 mg q.d.s. is effective in decreasing acid reflux in the oesophagus in patients with GERD and therefore has the potential to be effective in the treatment of this disease.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Benzamides / administration & dosage
  • Benzamides / therapeutic use*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Gastric Acid / metabolism*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / drug therapy*
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / administration & dosage
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morpholines / administration & dosage
  • Morpholines / therapeutic use*
  • Receptors, Serotonin / drug effects
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4
  • Serotonin Antagonists / administration & dosage
  • Serotonin Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists / administration & dosage
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Benzamides
  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • Morpholines
  • Receptors, Serotonin
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT4
  • mosapride