Background: Proton pump inhibitors are effective for the healing of oesophagitis. Standard doses of omeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole are sufficient for healing in mild to moderate cases of oesophagitis.
Aim: To compare the efficacy of double the standard doses of omeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole for maintenance treatment of severe oesophagitis complicated by a stricture.
Methods: Thirty-six patients with reflux oesophagitis and stricture confirmed by endoscopy were included in a prospective study comparing three maintenance therapies. In all cases weekly dilatation of the stenosis was performed and patients were treated with omeprazole 20 mg b.d. until healing of oesophagitis and dysphagia relief were achieved. Thirty participants responded to therapy and were then randomly assigned to 4 weeks of maintenance treatment with omeprazole (20 mg b.d.; n = 10), lansoprazole (30 mg b.d.; n = 10) or pantoprazole (40 mg b.d.; n = 10). Subsequently, endoscopies were performed-the endoscopists were blinded to the therapy assignment. The endpoints were defined as the absence of oesophagitis, oesophageal stricture and complaints.
Results: After 4 weeks of treatment, the number of patients remaining in remission (no oesophagitis or stricture and no symptoms) was nine out of 10 (90%) in the omeprazole group, two out of 10 (20%) in the lansoprazole group (P < 0.01) and three out of 10 (30%) in the pantoprazole group (P < 0.01).
Conclusions: In our study omeprazole was superior to either lansoprazole or pantoprazole in the maintenance treatment of complicated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.