Two cases of cerebral aneurysms in HIV+ children

Pediatr Neurosurg. 1998 Jan;28(1):31-4. doi: 10.1159/000028615.


Two cases of fusiform cerebral aneurysms in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive children are presented. To our knowledge, only 9 patients with this association have been reported. One of our patients represents the first report of a patient with an aneurysm associated with varicella-zoster vasculitis. One patient presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage, Hunt-Hess grade IV, and posed difficult surgical management. The other patient suffered a cerebral infarct with a resulting hemiparesis. The first patient had a ventriculostomy placed, initially improved, and subsequently died from rebleeding. The second patient improved with medical management. AIDS arteriopathy, and specifically fusiform aneurysms, are being increasingly reported. The various presentations of this surgically challenging entity in light of other AIDS-related syndromes pose difficult management decisions. On occasion, the intracranial aneurysm may be the initial form of presentation as was present in our first patient.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Arteries / pathology
  • Child
  • Dilatation, Pathologic
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications*
  • HIV Seropositivity / pathology
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / complications*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / pathology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / virology