Eye malformations associated with treatment with carbamazepine during pregnancy

Ophthalmic Genet. 1998 Jun;19(2):59-62. doi: 10.1076/opge.


Four children are presented and their eye malformations described. One girl had bilateral anophthalmos, a boy and a girl had bilateral severe microphthalmos, and a boy had a unilateral optic disc coloboma. The mothers of all for children were treated with carbamazepine during pregnancy. The teratogenic effect of carbamazepine and its likely role in the genesis of the eye malformations is discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Drug-Induced / etiology*
  • Anticonvulsants / adverse effects*
  • Carbamazepine / adverse effects*
  • Coloboma / chemically induced*
  • Coloboma / diagnostic imaging
  • Eye Abnormalities / chemically induced*
  • Female
  • Fetus / drug effects
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Optic Disk / abnormalities*
  • Optic Disk / diagnostic imaging
  • Pregnancy
  • Ultrasonography


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Carbamazepine