The effect of particulate air pollution on life expectancy

Sci Total Environ. 1998 Jun 30;217(1-2):137-41. doi: 10.1016/s0048-9697(98)00172-7.


Two recent US cohort studies suggest that current levels of particulate pollution in urban air are associated not only with short-term, but also with long-term increases in cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present analyses was to evaluate the change in life expectancy assuming the long-term increase in mortality rates as suggested by these studies. The method of competing causes of death was used and the effect of particulate air pollution on life expectancy was found to be notable in countries with high cardiovascular mortality like the US.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Air Pollution / adverse effects*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*
  • Cause of Death*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Life Expectancy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Particle Size
  • United States