Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a frequent neurocristopathy characterized by the absence of submucosal and myenteric plexuses in a variable length of the gastrointestinal tract. Pedigrees and segregation analyses suggested the involvement of one or several dominant genes with low penetrance in HSCR. Considering that RET and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mutations have been reported in the disease, we regarded the other RET ligand, neurturin (NTN), as an attractive candidate gene, especially as it shares large homologies with GDNF. Here, we report on the finding of a heterozygous missense NTN mutation in a large non-consanguineous family including four children affected with a severe aganglionosis phenotype extending up to the small intestine. Interestingly, it appears that the NTN mutation reported here is not sufficient to cause HSCR, and this multiplex family also segregates a RET mutation. This cascade of independent and additive genetic events fits well with the multigenic pattern of inheritance expected in HSCR, and further support the role of RET ligands in development of the enteric nervous system.