Neuropsychological patterns in pediatric epilepsy

Seizure. 1998 Jun;7(3):223-8. doi: 10.1016/s1059-1311(98)80040-x.


Results from comprehensive neuropsychological assessments of children diagnosed with epilepsy have rarely been reported. Previous research has generally focused on the measurement of overall intellectual ability and achievement skills. In the present study, neuropsychological evaluations including memory, attention, language, achievement, fine motor, executive function, visual motor integration, and behavior were completed on children (n = 79) diagnosed with epilepsy. Neurocognitive skills were within expectations for measured intelligence with the exception of verbal and visual attention skills, which were significantly below expectations based on measured ability. Behaviorally, children were rated by their parents as demonstrating clinically elevated attentional problems. Differences in cognitive and behavioral function were not found according to seizure type. Findings suggested a more diffuse effect of childhood epilepsy reflected in a pattern of decreased attention skills.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Attention / physiology
  • Child
  • Child Development*
  • Epilepsy / diagnosis*
  • Epilepsy / physiopathology
  • Epilepsy / psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neurobehavioral Manifestations / physiology
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Wechsler Scales / statistics & numerical data