Background: Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms are rare and compose about 4.5% of all intracranial aneurysms. They generally arise at the bifurcation of the pericallosal and callosomarginal arteries. Their surgical approach is different from those of other anterior circulation aneurysms. These aneurysms present some special difficulties for neurosurgeons, including narrow exposure in the interhemispheric fissure, dense adhesions between the cingulate gyri, difficulty in controlling the parent artery, and the association of multiple aneurysms and vascular anomalies.
Methods: Between January 1975 and May 1996, 14 cases of saccular aneurysms of the distal anterior cerebral artery were operated at the University of Hacettepe. The clinical presentations, neuroradiological findings, and operative approaches of these aneurysms were analyzed. In addition, the clinical series and isolated case reports in the English literature were also extensively reviewed.
Results: The incidence of the aneurysms in this location was 2.8% of a total of 494 surgically treated cases in our center. Of 14 patients, eight were women and six were men. Multiple aneurysms were found in five patients (35%). All patients were operated via the interhemispheric route. Thirteen patients had good outcome and one patient died.
Conclusions: We believe that all difficulties related to distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms can be minimized with sufficient knowledge of microsurgery and surgical anatomy, using microtechniques and experience.