Objective: To develop an inexpensive stain to simultaneously visualize gastric morphology and Helicobacter pylori.
Methods: Gastric biopsies were stained with Genta stain using manual methods, and with carbol fuchsin/Alcian blue/hematoxylin-eosin using an automatic slide stainer (Sakura DRS-601). Slides were then coded and interpreted by 2 pathologists. Helicobacter pylori was scored using a visual scale (0 [none] to 5 [maximum]).
Results: One hundred slides were scored; H pylori was present in 64%. Carbol fuchsin/Alcian blue/hematoxylin-eosin stain gave excellent demonstration of gastric morphology. All positive cases (score > or =2) were correctly interpreted. Thirty-six slides had a score of 1 (< or =2 bacteria per entire slide). Of these, 10 were scored negative by Genta stain and 12 were scored negative by the carbol fuchsin/Alcian blue/hematoxylin-eosin stain (P = not significant). Hematoxylin-eosin was significantly less accurate than either of the other 2 stains (P < .02).
Conclusion: The carbol fuchsin/Alcian blue/hematoxylin-eosin (El-Zimaity) stain is an economical stain suitable for simultaneous visualization of H pylori infection and gastric morphology.