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. 1998 Jul 16;8(15):877-80.
doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(07)00350-8.

Role of a BRCT Domain in the Interaction of DNA Ligase III-alpha With the DNA Repair Protein XRCC1

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Role of a BRCT Domain in the Interaction of DNA Ligase III-alpha With the DNA Repair Protein XRCC1

R M Taylor et al. Curr Biol. .

Abstract

The BRCT domain (for BRCA1 carboxyl terminus) is a protein motif of unknown function, comprising approximately 100 amino acids in five conserved blocks denoted A-E. BRCT domains are present in the tumour suppressor protein BRCA1 [1-3], and the domain is found in over 40 other proteins, defining a superfamily that includes DNA ligase III-alpha and the essential human DNA repair protein XRCC1. DNA ligase III-alpha and XRCC1 interact via their carboxyl termini, close to or within regions that contain a BRCT domain [4]. To examine whether the primary role of the carboxy-terminal BRCT domain of XRCC1 (denoted BRCT II) is to mediate the interaction with DNA ligase III-alpha, we identified the regions of the domain that are required and sufficient for the interaction. An XRCC1 protein in which the conserved D-block tryptophan was disrupted by point mutation retained the ability to interact with DNA ligase III-alpha, so this tryptophan must mediate a different, although conserved, role. XRCC1 in which the weakly conserved C-block was mutated lost the ability to interact with DNA ligase III-alpha. Moreover, 20 amino acids spanning the C-block of BRCT II conferred full DNA ligase III-alpha binding activity upon an unrelated polypeptide. An XRCC1 protein in which this 20mer was deleted could not maintain normal levels of DNA ligase III-alpha in transfected rodent cells, a phenotype associated with defective repair [5]. In summary, these data demonstrate that a BRCT domain can mediate a biologically important protein-protein interaction, and support the existence of additional roles.

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