A review of Lewy body disease, an emerging concept of cortical dementia

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1998 Summer;10(3):267-79. doi: 10.1176/jnp.10.3.267.


Dementia associated with cortical Lewy bodies on neuropathologic examination may comprise the second largest category of age-related cognitive impairment, after Alzheimer's disease. Despite its prevalence, a consensus has not yet been reached regarding the terminology, neuropathologic criteria, or clinical symptomatology of this postulated nosologic entity. Lewy body disease (LBD) is beginning to be diagnosed clinically in neuropsychiatric clinics, but universally accepted diagnostic criteria for LBD remain to be validated. In this article the authors review the literature on LBD, including both neuropathologic and clinical findings.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebral Cortex* / pathology
  • Dementia / diagnosis*
  • Dementia / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lewy Bodies / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Parkinson Disease / diagnosis*
  • Parkinson Disease / pathology