A sero-epidemiological study of visceral leishmaniosis in Izmir District, Turkey

J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 1998 Aug;28(2):389-94.


Visceral leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum have been reported in Turkey. A total of 2055 blood samples collected in Izmir and six surrounding villages were tested for anti-Leishmania antibodies. Three established immunodiagnostic techniques, indirect fluorescence antibody (IFA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and direct agglutination test (DAT), were employed using promastigotes and rK39 as antigens for the detection of anti-Leishmania antibodies. Five sero-positive cases (0.24%) were detected by the three tests used.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Leishmania infantum / immunology*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies*
  • Turkey / epidemiology


  • Antibodies, Protozoan