Mycophenolate mofetil therapy for lupus nephritis refractory to intravenous cyclophosphamide

Am J Kidney Dis. 1998 Aug;32(2):318-22. doi: 10.1053/ajkd.1998.v32.pm9708620.


Intravenous (i.v.) cyclophosphamide has been the treatment of choice for diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, there is little guidance in the medical literature about what to do when this therapy fails. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), a new immunosuppressive agent, has been used successfully in patients with solid organ transplants and rheumatoid arthritis. We report two patients with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis who responded favorably to MMF therapy after i.v. cyclophosphamide failed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use*
  • Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use
  • Drug Resistance
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Lupus Nephritis / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycophenolic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Mycophenolic Acid / therapeutic use


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Mycophenolic Acid