The role of neonatal chest physiotherapy in preventing postextubation atelectasis

J Pediatr. 1998 Aug;133(2):269-71. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(98)70233-1.


We retrospectively assessed atelectasis in 297 postextubation radiographs from 220 babies who underwent ventilation over a 2-year period. All 95 babies in the first year received peri-extubation chest physiotherapy; none of the 125 babies in the second year received chest physiotherapy. There was no difference in the incidence of postextubation atelectasis between the two groups.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Atelectasis / prevention & control*
  • Respiratory Therapy*