We report on male monozygotic twins with 22q11.2 deletion and discordant phenotypes. The twins had twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Twin 1, the smaller of the pair, had Tetralogy of Fallot, a characteristic facial appearance, swallowing dysfunction, anal atresia, short stature, and mental retardation, whereas twin 2 had a characteristic facial appearance but no other signs of the 22q11 deletion syndrome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed a microdeletion on chromosome 22q11.2 in both twins. Zygosity analysis gave a probability of monozygosity greater than 99.999%. These observations indicate that environmental factors or postzygotic events play a role in the phenotypic variability in the twins.