Incidence and significance of 22q11.2 hemizygosity in patients with interrupted aortic arch

Am J Med Genet. 1998 Jul 24;78(4):322-31.


Interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) is a severe malformation of the heart with known association to DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) and 22q11.2 hemizygosity. The aim of this study was to establish incidence and significance of 22q11.2 hemizygosity in an unbiased sample of patients with IAA. All 15 children with IAA who were referred to our hospital in a 3-year period were tested by chromosome and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis with the probes D22S75, Tuplel, and cHKAD26 and by a set of 10 simple tandem repeat polymorphic (STRP) markers. In nine of 11 children with IAA type B, 22q11.2 hemizygosity was demonstrated by FISH and STRP analysis, but in none of the four children with type A. In all but one child, deletion size was approximately 3 Mb. The girl with the smaller deletion of approximately 1.5 Mb differed because of an Ullrich-Turner syndrome-like phenotype and severe T-cell defect. Additionally, in one patient with phenotypic signs of DGS, a small deletion distal to the known DGS region containing the marker D22S308 was suspected by STRP analysis. One deletion was shown to be inherited from a healthy father and one IAA type A recurred in a sib. T-cell anomalies were evident in eight of the nine children with classical deletion, five of whom suffered also from hypoparathyroidism. With respect to cause and clinical course, IAA type A and B were shown to represent different entities. This study showed that variable symptoms of 22q11.2 hemizygosity may cluster.

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / abnormalities*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / genetics*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / immunology
  • Female
  • Genetic Testing
  • Genotype
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / immunology
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / mortality
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Minisatellite Repeats
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic