The role of incision design and location in the healing processes of alveolar ridges and implant host sites

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. Jul-Aug 1998;13(4):483-91.

Abstract

This research examined the nature and role of a linea alba, found consistently at the crest of edentulous ridges in dogs. Angiovist dye was used to outline the microvasculature in these regions. The findings demonstrated a zone of avascularity directly beneath each linea alba. When novel incision designs were used in the gingivae and the outlined mucoperisteal flaps were elevated and then replaced, alterations in underlying bone morphology were noted. In a subsequent study during which implants were placed, a direct relationship was noted between incision design and level of pericervical bone support.

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Process / blood supply
  • Alveolar Process / diagnostic imaging
  • Alveolar Process / pathology
  • Alveolar Process / surgery*
  • Animals
  • Bone Screws
  • Coloring Agents
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
  • Dental Implants, Single-Tooth
  • Dogs
  • Durapatite
  • Gingiva / surgery
  • Gingival Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Gingivitis / pathology
  • Jaw, Edentulous / diagnostic imaging
  • Jaw, Edentulous / pathology
  • Jaw, Edentulous / surgery
  • Mandible / blood supply
  • Mandible / diagnostic imaging
  • Mandible / pathology
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Microcirculation / pathology
  • Mouth Mucosa / surgery
  • Periosteum / surgery*
  • Radiography
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Surgical Wound Dehiscence / pathology
  • Wound Healing

Substances

  • Coloring Agents
  • Durapatite