Characteristic MR features of encephalitis caused by Epstein-Barr virus: a case report

Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Aug;28(8):569-70. doi: 10.1007/s002470050416.


An 8-year-old girl showed symptoms of encephalitis during acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The diagnosis of EB virus infection was made by changes in the titres of EB virus-specific antibody. Cranial MRI demonstrated abnormal low and high signal intensities in the striatal body (putamen and caudate nucleus) on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images, respectively, during the acute phase. These abnormal findings had almost completely resolved 1 month later. EBV infection should be considered when lesions are localised to the basal ganglia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Caudate Nucleus / pathology
  • Child
  • Encephalitis, Viral / diagnosis*
  • Encephalitis, Viral / etiology
  • Female
  • Herpesviridae Infections / diagnosis*
  • Herpesviridae Infections / etiology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Putamen / pathology