Appendiceal mucocele. Contraindication to laparoscopic appendectomy

Surg Endosc. 1998 Sep;12(9):1177-9. doi: 10.1007/s004649900811.


Indications and contraindications to laparoscopic surgery continue to be refined. Laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis is frequently selected by patients and surgeons, and clinical studies show it to be a reasonable alternative. In this case study, laparoscopic surgery was used to resect an appendiceal mucocele caused by a nonperforated mucinous adenocarcinoma. Implants of mucinous tumor were found widely disseminated on peritoneal surfaces at laparotomy 9 months later. As a result of this case study, the authors suggest that when an appendiceal mucinous tumor is encountered at laparoscopy, a special situation requiring totally atraumatic appendectomy is indicated. This clinical situation should be considered an indication for conversion to open appendectomy. All appendiceal tumors, including the most benign-appearing adenomas, can result in diffuse peritoneal implantation. This is the first report of an appendiceal mucinous tumor resected by laparoscopy associated with subsequent diffuse peritoneal carcinomatosis. This patient presentation reaffirms that dissemination of cancer may be associated with laparoscopic resection of structures containing a malignancy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications
  • Adult
  • Appendectomy*
  • Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications
  • Appendix*
  • Cecal Diseases / surgery
  • Contraindications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / adverse effects
  • Mucocele / etiology
  • Mucocele / surgery*
  • Neoplasm Seeding