Spiral CT: vascular applications

Eur J Radiol. 1998 Aug;28(1):18-29. doi: 10.1016/s0720-048x(98)00009-6.

Abstract

Recent technical advances in CT have renewed interest in the development of CT angiography (CTA). CT angiography is a minimally invasive method of visualising the vascular system and is becoming an alternative to conventional arteriography in some situations. Spiral technology allows a volume of data to be obtained on a single breath-hold with no respiratory misregistration. Fast machines with second or subsecond acquisition times mean the images are obtained while there are high circulating levels of contrast medium giving peak vascular opacification from a peripheral intravenous injection. Accurate timing will ensure either the arterial or venous phase is imaged. Multiple overlapping axial images can be obtained from the data set with no increase in radiation dose to the patient and from these scans computer generated multiplanar and 3D images are obtained which can be viewed from numerous angles. CT angiography can be performed more quickly, less invasively and at reduced cost compared to conventional angiography.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiography* / methods
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortography
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Peripheral Vascular Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed* / methods
  • Ultrasonography
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnostic imaging