Magnesium and phosphorus

Lancet. 1998 Aug 1;352(9125):391-6. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(97)10535-9.


A summary of new findings regarding alterations of magnesium (Mg2+) and phosphorus (P) metabolism are reviewed for the clinician caring for patients in general wards. Alterations in serum concentrations of Mg2+ and P are frequently observed in acute or very ill patients in emergency rooms or intensive-care areas. A significant proportion of these alterations are iatrogenic. Most of the symptoms related are non-specific, and usually they are associated with changes in concentration of other ions. The need to measure Mg2+ and P routinely and to define better the real abnormal values is stressed. Correction of the abnormalities must be early in the course of the alterations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Critical Care
  • Critical Illness
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatemia / drug therapy
  • Hypophosphatemia / etiology
  • Hypophosphatemia / physiopathology
  • Iatrogenic Disease
  • Magnesium / blood
  • Magnesium / metabolism*
  • Magnesium Deficiency / diagnosis
  • Magnesium Deficiency / drug therapy
  • Magnesium Deficiency / etiology
  • Magnesium Deficiency / physiopathology
  • Phosphorus / blood
  • Phosphorus / metabolism*
  • Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders / drug therapy
  • Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders / etiology
  • Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders / physiopathology


  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium