Effects of Sleep Deprivation and Other Stressors on the Immune and Inflammatory Responses of Influenza-Infected Mice

Life Sci. 1998;63(8):701-9. doi: 10.1016/s0024-3205(98)00321-x.


Many stressors have well-documented effects on host immune competence. However, two important stressors that have not been extensively characterized in terms of their immune-modulatory properties are sleep deprivation and alterations in light:dark cycles. We therefore evaluated the effects of these stressors on the immune and inflammatory responses of mice inoculated intranasally with influenza virus. In contrast to a previous report, sleep deprivation did not significantly alter viral clearance or antibody titers of either virus-naive or immunized mice. Exposure to constant light also failed to affect these variables. However, repeated overnight restraint, a well-characterized stressor, reduced the pulmonary inflammatory response elicited by influenza virus, as previously reported. The data indicate that sleep deprivation and altered light cycles do not markedly influence selected host defense responses to influenza infection under the conditions tested.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amyloid / blood
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Light
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Orthomyxoviridae / immunology
  • Orthomyxoviridae Infections / immunology*
  • Photoperiod
  • Restraint, Physical
  • Sleep Deprivation*
  • Stress, Physiological / immunology*


  • Amyloid
  • Antibodies, Viral