Analysis of the pathogenic human mitochondrial mutation ND1/3460, and mutations of strictly conserved residues in its vicinity, using the bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans

Biochemistry. 1998 Aug 25;37(34):11792-6. doi: 10.1021/bi9810555.


The human mitochondrial ND1/3460 mutation changes Ala52 to Thr in the ND1 subunit of Complex I, and causes Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) [Huoponen et al. (1991) Am. J. Hum. Genet. 48, 1147]. We have used a bacterial counterpart of Complex I, NDH-1 from Paracoccus denitrificans, for studying the effect of mutations in the ND1 subunit on the enzymatic activity. The LHON mutation as well as several other mutations in strictly conserved amino acids in its vicinity were introduced into the NQO8 subunit of NDH-1, a bacterial homologue of ND1. The enzymatic activity of the mutants in the presence of hexammineruthenium (rotenone-insensitive) and ubiquinone-1 (rotenone-sensitive) were assayed. In addition, the kinetics of the interaction of selected mutant enzymes with ubiquinone-1, ubiquinone-2, and decylubiquinone was studied. The results suggest that the mutated residues play an important role in ubiquinone reduction by Complex I.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alanine / genetics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Aspartic Acid / genetics
  • Conserved Sequence / genetics*
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / metabolism
  • Electron Transport Complex I
  • Glutamine / genetics
  • Humans
  • Lysine / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed*
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone) / genetics*
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone) / metabolism
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Optic Atrophies, Hereditary / enzymology
  • Optic Atrophies, Hereditary / genetics
  • Paracoccus denitrificans / enzymology
  • Paracoccus denitrificans / genetics*
  • Quinone Reductases / genetics
  • Quinone Reductases / metabolism


  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • Glutamine
  • Aspartic Acid
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases
  • NADH dehydrogenase (quinone)
  • NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)
  • Quinone Reductases
  • Electron Transport Complex I
  • Lysine
  • Alanine