Three-dimensional echocardiographic measurement of right ventricular volume in children with congenital heart disease validated by magnetic resonance imaging

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1998 Aug;11(8):770-7. doi: 10.1016/s0894-7317(98)70051-3.


Measurement of right ventricular volume and function by two-dimensional echocardiography is unreliable because of the asymmetric shape of the right ventricle. The purpose of this study was to validate the accuracy of transthoracic three-dimensional echocardiography in assessing right ventricular volumes in children with congenital heart disease after surgical repair of the defects, by comparison with those measured by magnetic resonance imaging. We examined 13 children after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (10), hypoplastic left heart syndrome (2), or atrial septal defect (1). Each underwent magnetic resonance imaging followed by three-dimensional echocardiography done with a transthoracic 5 MHz, prototype internally rotating omniplane transducer. In both methods, endocardial borders were manually traced and volumetric slices were summated. Close correlation was observed between the two methods (R2 0.91 for end-systolic volumes, 0.90 for end-diastolic volumes, 0.64 for ejection fraction, and 0.92 for interobserver variability). A limits-of-agreement analysis showed no adverse trend between the two methods under values of 100 ml and low variation around the mean values. We conclude that three-dimensional echocardiography measurement of right ventricular volumes correlates closely with magnetic resonance imaging in children with operated congenital heart disease and may allow accurate serial evaluation in these patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional* / methods
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / pathology
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Ventricular Function, Right / physiology