Evaluation of regional systolic function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hypertensive heart disease: a three-dimensional echocardiographic study

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1998 Aug;11(8):778-86. doi: 10.1016/s0894-7317(98)70052-5.


Assessment of regional left ventricular (LV) function in patients with asymmetric LV hypertrophy is difficult with two-dimensional echocardiography mainly because of factors such as LV geometry, structure, regional wall stress, and ischemia. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography with three-dimensional reconstruction of cross-sectional images was used for quantitative evaluation of regional wall thickness and fractional thickening. Fifteen patients (56 +/- 13 years old) with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (LV ejection fraction 71% +/- 4%), 15 (62 +/- 13 years) with hypertensive heart disease (ejection fraction 66% +/- 8%) and 15 (53 +/- 11 years) healthy control subjects (ejection fraction 61% +/- 5%) were included in the analysis. Regional function was studied in four parallel equidistant short-axis cross sections from base to apex of the reconstructed left ventricle. In 15 degree intervals, 24 wall thickness measurements in each cross section were made at end-diastole and end-systole after endocardial and epicardial border tracing. A total of 192 measurements were obtained in each patient, and absolute wall thickening and fractional thickening were calculated. Absolute and fractional wall thickening showed a significant inverse relation to end-diastolic wall thickness in all heart conditions (r = 0.71, p < 0.0001). Regions of normal wall thickness in diseased patients were not hyperdynamic when compared with normal control subjects. Significant impairment in fractional thickening at identical end-diastolic thickness was observed in the septum compared with the lateral free wall in both hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hypertensive heart disease. Thus regional systolic function is inversely related to end-diastolic wall thickness. The decrease in regional systolic function with increasing LV hypertrophy was similar in idiopathic and hypertensive cardiomyopathy. In both types of hypertrophy, significant differences in systolic function were observed in septal and lateral wall segments of similar wall thickness. This indicates that factors other than end-diastolic wall thickness influence myocardial thickening in patients with hypertrophy and preserved global function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / physiopathology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Systole / physiology
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology