1) A vitamin-B6-producing mutant, BA 1, was selected by treatment of Bacillus subtilis with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. Using gradient plates supplemented with the vitamin B6 antagonist isonicotinohydrazide, three mutants of BA 1 were isolated, which excrete 2-5 mg of vitamin B6/l of growth medium. 2) Mutation of the three vitamin-B6-producing strains BA 1, BA 11 and L 71 led to the isolation of 49 vitamin-B6 deficient mutants. All mutants are able to grow with pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and even with 4'-deoxypyridoxine. Glycolaldehyde or nicotinic acid do not support growth of the mutants. Some of these vitamin-B6-deficient mutants can also grow in the absence of vitamin B6, providing isoleucine is present. Others show a growth stimulation, when isoleucine is added to a medium containing a vitamin B6 compound. Isoleucine can be replaced by 3-methyl-2-oxovalerate. Cross-feeding experiments indicated a division of the mutants into two groups. Using chromatographic methods, substances which support growth of the mutants were purified, but have not yet been identified. Following the addition of 4'-deoxypyridoxine, 4'-deoxypyridoxine 5'-phosphate was isolated from the growth medium of a vitamin B6-deficient mutant. 3) Threonine dehydratase, transaminase B and transaminase C from wild-type Bacillus subtilis were compared with the enzymes from vitamin-B6-producing strains and with the enzymes from vitamin-B6-deficient mutants. Both the vitamin-B6-producing and the vitamin B6-deficient mutants show higher specific activities than wild type. In the mutant strains no multivalent repression of the threonine dehydratase and transminase B by isoleucine, leucine and valine could be demonstrated. Leucine dehydrogenase, the first enzyme of the isoleucine catabolic pathway, is constitutively produced in the vitamin-B6-producing and in the vitamin-B6-deficient mutants. In the vitamin-B6-deficient mutants, there is a correlation between growth yield in the presence of isoleucine and the specific activity of leucine dehydrogenase. In the crude extract of Bacillus subtilis no pyridoxamine-phosphate oxidase activity could be demonstrated, whereas pyridoxal kinase was readily detectable.