Flowering plant self-incompatibility: the molecular population genetics of Brassica S-loci

Heredity (Edinb). 1998 Jul;81 ( Pt 1):1-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.hdy.6884000.


Self-incompatibility systems in different angiosperm families are reviewed, and the evidence that incompatibility has arisen several times is outlined. New data on the sequence polymorphism of self-incompatibility loci from two different angiosperm families are compared with results from other highly polymorphic loci, particularly MHC loci. We discuss what molecular genetic analyses of these sequences can tell us about the nature and maintenance of the polymorphism at self-incompatibility loci. We suggest that there is evidence for recombination at the Brassica self-incompatibility loci, so that it may be possible to discern regions that are particularly functionally important in the recognition reaction, even though the long-term maintenance of polymorphisms in these amino acid residues has caused the evolution of many other sequence differences between alleles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Biological Evolution
  • Brassica / genetics*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genetics, Population*
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Pollen / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Selection, Genetic