Tamsulosin treatment of 19,365 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms: does co-morbidity alter tolerability?

J Urol. 1998 Sep;160(3 Pt 1):784-91. doi: 10.1097/00005392-199809010-00043.

Abstract

Purpose: We compare the tolerability and blood pressure effects of 0.4 mg. tamsulosin once daily in patients with lower urinary symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction with or without concomitant disease and/or antihypertensive medication.

Materials and methods: Data from 2 open label, observational studies (study 1, 9,507 patients treated for 4 weeks and study 2, 9,858 patients treated for 12 weeks) were analyzed for global tolerability and effects on blood pressure stratifying for co-morbidity (none, diabetes, hypertension, other cardiovascular disease) and co-medication (diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors).

Results: Overall 90 and 95% of patients in studies 1 and 2, respectively, reported good or very good tolerability. While global tolerability was slightly reduced in patients with concomitant disease or some forms of medication (p < 0.05), it was rated as good or very good by more than 90 and 95% of patients even in those groups. In control patients, that is those with neither co-morbidity nor co-medication, the tamsulosin induced blood pressure reductions were similar to those previously reported for placebo treatment but were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Mean additional blood pressure reductions in patients with concomitant disease or medication were not more than 2 mm. Hg.

Conclusions: Tamsulosin is well tolerated and has marginal effects on blood pressure in the majority of patients. It largely maintains its good global tolerability and minimal blood pressure effects in patients with cardiovascular co-morbidity or diabetes, or those on co-medication with antihypertensive agents.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / complications*
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / drug therapy*
  • Sulfonamides / therapeutic use*
  • Tamsulosin

Substances

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
  • Sulfonamides
  • Tamsulosin