CYP2D15 is the canine ortholog of human CYP2D6, the human CYP2D isoform involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants. Similar to human, canine CYP2D15 is expressed in the liver, with detectable levels in several other tissues. Three different CYP2D15 cDNA clones were obtained by RT-PCR from dog liver RNA. Two clones corresponded to variant full-length CYP2D15 cDNAs (termed CYP2D15 WT2 and CYP2D15 V1); the third was identified as a splicing variant missing exon 3 (termed CYP2D15 V2). Recombinant baculoviruses were constructed containing full-length cDNAs and used to express CYP2D15 WT2 and CYP2D15 V1 in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells with expression levels of up to 0.14 nmol/mg cell protein. As with human CYP2D6, the recombinant CYP2D15 enzymes exhibited bufuralol 1'-hydroxylaseand dextromethorphan O-demethylase activities whencoexpressed with rabbit NADPH:P450 oxidoreductase. For bufuralol 1'-hydroxylase, apparent Km values were 4.9, 3.7, and 2.5 microM and the Vmax values were 0.14, 0.034, and 0.60 nmol/min/mg protein for dog liver microsomes, CYP2D15 WT2, and the variant CYP2D15 V1, respectively. For dextromethorphan O-demethylase, apparent Km values were 0.6, 0.6, and 2.0 microM and the Vmax values were 0.18, 0.034, and 0.057 nmol/min/mg protein for dog liver microsomes, CYP2D15 WT2, and the variant CYP2D15 V1, respectively. The human CYP2D6-specific inhibitor quinidine and the rat CYP2D1-specific inhibitor quinine were both shown to be inhibitors of bufuralol 1'-hydroxylase activity for dog liver microsomes, CYP2D15 WT2, and the CYP2D15 V1 variant with nearly equal potency. Thus, the dog expresses a CYP2D ortholog possessing enzymatic activities similar to human CYP2D6, but is affected by the inhibitors quinine and quinidine in a manner closer to that of rat CYP2D1.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.