Background: Proton pump inhibitors have been widely used in combination with amoxycillin, clarithromycin or metronidazole for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Aim: To study the effects of 1-week ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC)-based triple therapy in the treatment of H. pylori-related duodenal ulcers.
Method: Patients with duodenal ulcers and H. pylori infection were prospectively randomized to receive either RBC with amoxycillin and clarithromycin for 1 week (RAC), or omeprazole with amoxycillin and clarithromycin for 1 week (OAC). No additional ulcer healing drug was used after the 1-week medication. Patients were assessed for H. pylori eradication, ulcer healing and side-effects after receiving the therapies.
Results: One hundred consecutive patients were recruited to this study, with 50 patients randomized to each treatment group. In the intention-to-treat analysis, duodenal ulcers were completely healed in 45 (90%) patients in the RAC group and 43 (89.6%) in the OAC group (P = 1.0). H. pylori eradication was confirmed in 47 (94%) in the RAC group and 42 (87.5%) in the OAC group (P = 0.31). There was no significant difference in the severity of side-effects experienced by the two treatment groups.
Conclusion: One-week RBC-based triple therapy is an effective treatment for H. pylori-related duodenal ulcers. The therapeutic effects are comparable to a 1-week course of proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy.