Cleavage of BID by Caspase 8 Mediates the Mitochondrial Damage in the Fas Pathway of Apoptosis

Cell. 1998 Aug 21;94(4):491-501. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81590-1.

Abstract

We report here that BID, a BH3 domain-containing proapoptotic Bcl2 family member, is a specific proximal substrate of Casp8 in the Fas apoptotic signaling pathway. While full-length BID is localized in cytosol, truncated BID (tBID) translocates to mitochondria and thus transduces apoptotic signals from cytoplasmic membrane to mitochondria. tBID induces first the clustering of mitochondria around the nuclei and release of cytochrome c independent of caspase activity, and then the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cell shrinkage, and nuclear condensation in a caspase-dependent fashion. Coexpression of BclxL inhibits all the apoptotic changes induced by tBID. Our results indicate that BID is a mediator of mitochondrial damage induced by Casp8.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases*
  • Cell Nucleus / pathology
  • Cell Size
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome c Group / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / ultrastructure*
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
  • bcl-X Protein
  • fas Receptor / metabolism*

Substances

  • BCL2L1 protein, human
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • BID protein, human
  • Bcl2l1 protein, mouse
  • Bid protein, mouse
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cytochrome c Group
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • bcl-X Protein
  • fas Receptor
  • CASP8 protein, human
  • CASP9 protein, human
  • Casp8 protein, mouse
  • Casp9 protein, mouse
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases
  • Cysteine Endopeptidases