Effects of RIalpha overexpression on cisplatin sensitivity in human ovarian carcinoma cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Aug 28;249(3):723-7. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.9223.


Our laboratory has found that Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and mouse Y1 adrenocortical carcinoma PKA mutants with a defective R subunit, but not altered C subunits, exhibit increased resistance to cisplatin as well as other DNA-damaging agents. The mechanism of resistance may be associated with increased recognition of the cisplatin-damaged DNA and protein binding to the DNA lesion, thus enhancing DNA repair in the RI alpha mutants. These data suggest that mutation of RI alpha may confer resistance to cisplatin by affecting DNA repair activity. In the present study, we overexpressed RI alpha in human ovarian carcinoma A2780 cells to demonstrate that RI alpha can modulate cellular sensitivity to cisplatin. Retroviral-infected A2780 cells overexpressing wild-type RI alpha cDNA displayed a four- to eightfold greater sensitivity to cisplatin compared with parental cells. Overexpression of RI alpha in the CP70 cisplatin-resistant derivative of A2780 also increased the sensitivity of these cells to cisplatin. Therefore, enhanced expression of the RI alpha subunit of PKA sensitizes cells to the cytotoxic effects of this DNA-damaging agent. These data suggest that RI alpha may act directly, independent of the C subunit, to influence cellular sensitivity to cisplatin. Therefore, modulation of RI alpha expression or its functional status by pharmacological agents may potentially reverse cisplatin resistance in tumors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cisplatin / pharmacology*
  • Cricetinae
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase RIalpha Subunit
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / chemistry
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Repair
  • Drug Resistance / genetics
  • Drug Resistance / physiology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • Protein Conformation
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase RIalpha Subunit
  • PRKAR1A protein, human
  • Prkar1a protein, mouse
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Cisplatin