Objective: This study analyzed the relationship between birth weight and perinatal outcome among women with gestational diabetes mellitus.
Study design: The relationship between perinatal outcome and birth weight was analyzed for 821 pregnancies of women with gestational diabetes mellitus attended in a tertiary hospital and receiving intensive metabolic therapy (normocaloric diet, self-monitoring of blood glucose level and individually tailored insulin regimen when needed). The Mantel-Haenszel test was used to adjust for preterm delivery.
Results: Seven percent of neonates were small for gestational age, 85% were appropriate for gestational age, and 8% were large for gestational age. After adjustment for preterm delivery the rates of adverse fetal outcome, low 1-minute Apgar score, and hypoglycemia were greater among small for gestational age neonates than among appropriate and large for gestational age infants (odds ratios 3.08, 2.51, and 3.17, respectively).
Conclusion: Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus who are receiving intensive therapy, perinatal outcome is worse for small for gestational age neonates than for appropriate and large for gestational age neonates.