In order to study the role of oxidative stress in celiac disease, protein carbonyl groups, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance and pentosidine were evaluated in the plasma of nine patients with asymptomatic celiac disease and in a control group (n = 25). Plasma alpha-tocopherol, retinol and lipids were determined in the same samples. The levels of markers of oxidative stress derived from both protein (carbonyl groups) and lipids (thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) were significantly higher in celiac disease patients, whereas lipoproteins and alpha-tocopherol were significantly lower. These data indicate that in celiac disease, even when asymptomatic, a redox imbalance persists; this is probably caused by an absorption deficiency, even if slight. Dietary supplementation with antioxidant molecules may offer some benefit and deserves further investigation.