Lesions of the frontal cortex, hippocampus, and intralaminar thalamic nuclei have distinct effects on remembering in rats

Behav Neurosci. 1998 Aug;112(4):772-92. doi: 10.1037//0735-7044.112.4.772.


Lesions of the intralaminar thalamic nuclei (ILn), the medial wall (MW) area of prefrontal cortex, and the hippocampus were compared and found to have distinct effects on delayed matching-to-sample (DMS) and delayed non-matching-to-sample (DNMS) tasks based on different types of stimulus cues. Hippocampal lesions impaired DNMS trained in a radial arm maze but had little effect on DMS trained with retractable levers or olfactory DNMS. MW lesions affected the DMS task but had limited effects on olfactory DNMS and radial arm maze DNMS. ILn lesions resulted in a more generalized pattern of impairment for radial maze tasks and (in previous studies) for the DMS and olfactory DNMS tasks. Only the hippocampal lesion was associated with a delay-dependent impairment. It is argued that ILn lesions disrupt remembering through their effects on the recurrent, feedback pathways that link functionally related areas of the basal ganglia and cortex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Conditioning, Operant / physiology
  • Cues
  • Discrimination Learning / physiology
  • Hippocampus / pathology
  • Hippocampus / physiology*
  • Male
  • Maze Learning / physiology
  • Memory / classification
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Orientation / physiology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / pathology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Reaction Time / physiology
  • Smell / physiology
  • Space Perception / physiology
  • Thalamic Nuclei / pathology
  • Thalamic Nuclei / physiology*
  • Time Factors