Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the delayed effects of antivascular endothelial growth factor treatment on tumor growth and vascularity in a subcutaneous mouse tumor model of human glioblastoma.
Methods: Antivascular endothelial growth factor antibody treatment was administered for a period of 6 weeks, to suppress tumor growth. To detect late vascular effects, tumor vascular parameters for treated tumors and control tumors were analyzed 4 weeks thereafter. By that time, tumors had grown to adequate sizes (diameter, 8-10 mm) for comparison with untreated control tumors. Vascular parameters were quantified by using an image-analysis system.
Results: Vascular density was significantly lower in antivascular endothelial growth factor antibody-treated tumors, compared with control tumors of similar size. The vascular architecture of treated tumors was also distinctly different, compared with control tumors, showing larger but sparser vessel structures.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that antiangiogenic therapy may have a prolonged effect on the vascular architecture of certain tumors, resulting in enduring changes in the tumor vessels. Because tumor vasculature plays an important role in the sensitivity to various treatment modalities, these changes are likely to influence the responses of these tumors to further therapy.