Subchronic oral toxicity study of Aquacoat ECD ethylcellulose aqueous dispersion in the rat

Food Chem Toxicol. 1998 Aug;36(8):705-9. doi: 10.1016/s0278-6915(98)00038-6.


Groups of 20 male and 20 female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered undiluted Aquacoat ECD ethylcellulose aqueous dispersion by oral gavage at doses of 903, 2709 or 4515 mg/kg body weight/day (dry weight basis) for 90 days. Control animals received water at the same dosage volume as the high-dose group. Body weights and food consumption were recorded weekly. Blood was collected prior to study termination for haematology and clinical chemistry measurements. Survivors underwent complete necropsies on days 91 94. Selected organs were weighed and histologically examined. The only treatment-related clinical sign observed was pale faeces which was noted among males and females receiving 2709 and 4515 mg/kg/day Aquacoat ECD. No statistically significant differences in body weights, body weight gains, food consumption and organ weights were noted among males and females when compared with controls. No treatment-related effects in haematology parameters were noted. Significantly decreased total protein and globulin levels and increases in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in male rats receiving 2709 and 4515 mg Aquacoat ECD/kg/day were considered to be treatment related. No gross or microscopic lesions were attributed to Aquacoat ECD treatment. Under the conditions of this study, the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) for female rats is in excess of 4515 mg/kg/day: the NOAEL for male rats is 903 mg/kg/day.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Alanine Transaminase / blood
  • Animals
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Cellulose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cellulose / toxicity
  • Eating / drug effects
  • Excipients / toxicity*
  • Female
  • Male
  • No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level
  • Organ Size / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Suspensions


  • Excipients
  • Suspensions
  • ethyl cellulose
  • Cellulose
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase