Clustering of the nitrite reductase gene and a light-regulated gene with nitrate assimilation loci in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Planta. 1998 Oct;206(2):259-65. doi: 10.1007/s004250050398.

Abstract

Two new loci have been found to be clustered with five other genes for the nitrate assimilation pathway in the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii genome. One gene, located close to the 3'-end of the high-affinity nitrate transporter (HANT) gene Nrt 2; 2, corresponds to the nitrite reductase (NiR) structural gene Nii1. This is supported by a number of experimental findings: (i) NiR-deficient mutants have lost Nii1 gene expression; (ii) Nii1 mRNA accumulation is co-regulated with the expression of other structural genes of the nitrate assimilation pathway; (iii) nitrite (nitrate) utilization ability is recovered in the NiR mutants by functional complementation with a wild-type Nii1 gene; (iv) the elucidated NII1 amino acid sequence is highly similar to that of the cyanobacterial and higher-plant enzyme, and contains the predicted domains for plastidic ferredoxin-NiRs. Thus, the mutant phenotype and the mRNA sequence and expression of the Nii1 gene have been unequivocally related. Accumulation of mRNA for the second locus identified. Lde1 (light-dependent expression), was not regulated by nitrogen, but like nitrate-assimilation clustered genes, its expression was down-regulated in the dark.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii / enzymology
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii / genetics*
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / radiation effects*
  • Genes
  • Light*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family*
  • Nitrates / metabolism*
  • Nitrite Reductases / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • DNA, Complementary
  • Nitrates
  • Nitrite Reductases