The Brugada syndrome in a Chinese population

Int J Cardiol. 1998 Aug;65(3):281-6. doi: 10.1016/s0167-5273(98)00137-5.

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death has been reported in patients with a unique electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormality showing right bundle branch block and ST segment elevation in the precordial leads. This syndrome was first described by Brugada and Brugada and has not been previously described in a Chinese population. We report here the first three cases in Singapore. The first patient was a 49-year-old man who presented with syncope, associated with generalized convulsions. The second patient was a 25-year-old man who complained of palpitations but no syncope. The third patient was a 77-year-old man who presented with recurrent episodes of syncope and collapsed with ventricular fibrillation. All patients had no past cardiac or drug history of note. The neurological examination and investigations were normal. All three patients showed a unique right bundle branch block pattern with ST segment elevation in leads V1-3. The echocardiogram and 24-h ambulatory ECG monitoring, were normal. Single vessel disease was present in the third patient. Electrophysiological studies performed in all three patients were able to induce ventricular fibrillation. The patient with resuscitated cardiac death underwent an implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation. The importance of this syndrome is that the recognition of the unique ECG pattern enables early identification and treatment of these patients.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bundle-Branch Block / ethnology
  • Bundle-Branch Block / physiopathology*
  • Bundle-Branch Block / therapy
  • China / ethnology
  • Defibrillators, Implantable
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart Arrest / diagnosis
  • Heart Arrest / ethnology
  • Heart Arrest / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Singapore
  • Syncope / ethnology
  • Syncope / etiology*
  • Syndrome*
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / complications
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / ethnology
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / physiopathology
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / therapy