A translocation involving chromosomes 12 and 14 [t(12;14)(q15;24.1)] is commonly seen in benign smooth muscle tumor as uterine leiomyoma (UL). A contig of P1-derived artificial chromosome and bacterial artificial chromosome clones on chromosome 14, encompassing a t(12;14) breakpoint cluster region (BCR) in UL, was generated principally using the recently developed HAPPY map of chromosome 14 as a framework (P. H. Dear et al., 1998, Genomics 48: 232-241). Three UL t(12;14) breakpoints have been localized within this contig, showing that a BCR of at least 400 kb exists on chromosome 14. Other studies of tumors with t(12;14) rearrangements similarly show breakpoints within a 475-kb multiple aberration region on chromosome 12. Thus t(12;14) is an example of a translocation in which the breakpoints are located within a BCR on both chromosome 12 and chromosome 14, justifying the identification of expressed sequences that are altered in these BCR regions. A total of four expressed sequences were identified in the BCR on chromosome 14. Two of these were novel cDNAs (D14S1460E and D14S1461E). The chromosome 14 cDNAs were expressed in multiple adult tissues. The identification of a large breakpoint cluster region on chromosome 14 suggests that translocations in this region mediate their effects at a distance and also that elements that predispose this region to recurrent chromosomal translocation may be widely distributed.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.