Pulmonary functions in Indian sportsmen playing different sports

Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 1998 Jul;42(3):412-6.


Regular exercise has proved to be beneficial for the human body and the lungs are no exception. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between the quality of exercise performed and the quantitative effect of these exercises on the lungs. Pulmonary function tests of sportsmen engaged in various sports were compared with each other and with that of the controls. Players playing football (n=18), hockey (n=19), volleyball (n=20), swimming (n=20) and basketball (n=18) were chosen for this study. Medical students (n=20) were chosen as controls. The parameters taken into account in this study were forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV-1), and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). The results indicate that all the sportspersons had a higher values of lung functions compared to the controls. Among the various groups of players chosen for this study, the swimmers showed the maximum increase in their lung functions.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Humans
  • India
  • Lung / physiology*
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Sports / physiology*