The antiangiogenic effects of TNP-470 on the neovascularization of tumors were studied by examining ultrastructural alterations in the vasculature and interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) of tumors. Wistar rats were first inoculated subcutaneously (s.c.) with the Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cell line, then either vehicle medium or TNP-470, 30 mg/kg, was injected s.c. on day 1. A tumor growth assay, the necrotic area, and the IFP in the tumor were all measured on day 12. The antiangiogenic effects of TNP-470 were studied by scanning electron microscopic images of tumor vascular casts. TNP-470 was observed to inhibit tumor growth and increase the necrotic area significantly. In the TNP-470-treated group, the IFP in the superficial layer, defined as 2-3 mm from the tumor capsule, and in the deep layer, defined as 8-10 mm from the tumor capsule, were significantly higher than the corresponding values in the control. Moreover, vascular casts showed a significant reduction in the budding of sprouts in the superficial layer, and a decrease in the maximum diameter of the tumor vessels in the deep layer. It is possible that the higher IFP in the TNP-470-treated tumors might have prevented tumor vessel dilation. The findings of this study demonstrated that TNP-470 inhibited the budding of tumor vessel sprouts, and increased the IFP. These processes seem to act synergistically to suppress tumor angiogenesis.