Molecular cloning and characterization of the gene encoding N'-[(5'-phosphoribosyl)-formimino]-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (BBM II) isomerase from Arabidopsis thaliana

Mol Gen Genet. 1998 Aug;259(2):216-23. doi: 10.1007/s004380050807.


We have isolated an Arabidopsis BBM II isomerase cDNA from an Arabidopsis cDNA library, by means of functional complementation of the E. coli hisA mutant strain HfrG6. The isolated cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 304 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 33,363. Sequence comparison with the HIS6 proteins of yeasts revealed that Arabidopsis BBM II isomerase contains an N-terminal extension of approximately 40 amino acids that shows the general properties of chloroplast transit peptides. This finding is consistent with the localization of other histidine biosynthetic enzymes, such as imidazoleglycerolphosphate dehydratase and histidinol dehydrogenase, in the chloroplasts in higher plants. The primary structure of the mature protein was 50% and 42% identical, respectively, to the HIS6 proteins of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively, while no prominent sequence similarity to the bacterial BBM II isomerase was found. That the isolated Arabidopsis cDNA actually encodes a functionally active BBM II isomerase activity was confirmed in an in vitro enzyme assay using a crude extract prepared from strain HfrG6 transformed with the Arabidopsis BBM II isomerase cDNA.

MeSH terms

  • Aldose-Ketose Isomerases / genetics*
  • Aldose-Ketose Isomerases / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Arabidopsis / enzymology
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA, Plant / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Gene Dosage
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Plant / genetics*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Histidine / biosynthesis*
  • Models, Chemical
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Plant / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Plant
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Plant
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Histidine
  • Aldose-Ketose Isomerases
  • Phosphoribosyl-5-amino-1-phosphoribosyl-4-imidazolecarboxiamide isomerase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB006139
  • GENBANK/AB008929