The SIV-macaque system offers the opportunity to study the pathogenesis and immune aspects of a primate retroviral infection in which immunodeficiency also develops, much like HIV infection in humans. Since it is known that human dendritic cells (DCs) are involved in HIV replication, mature cytokine-generated DCs obtained from precursors in the blood and skin-derived DCs were isolated from healthy rhesus macaques and compared with respect to their ability to support SIV infection. Here, it is shown for both skin- and blood-derived DCs that i) virus production depends on both DCs and T cells, ii) this occurs similarly with T cells from blood, skin, spleen, or lymph nodes, and iii) DCs can transmit virus equally to syngeneic and allogeneic T cells. No differences between DCs from skin or blood were observed. Therefore, the easily accessible blood-derived DCs of macaques provide an appropriate population to study the role of DCs in immunodeficiency virus infection.